Viral conjunctivitis is a common eye infection that causes inflammation of the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that lines the eyelids and covers the white of the eye. It is usually caused by a virus, such as an adenovirus, but can also be caused by bacteria or other microorganisms.
The most common symptoms of viral conjunctivitis are:
- Red, swollen eyes
- Watery discharge from the eyes
- Sensitivity to light
Viral conjunctivitis is usually caused by a virus, such as an adenovirus. Other viruses that can cause conjunctivitis include the rhinovirus, the enterovirus, and the coxsackievirus.
Mode of spread
Viral conjunctivitis is highly contagious. It can spread through:
- Direct contact: The virus can be spread from person to person through direct contact with the eyes, such as rubbing your eyes after touching someone who is infected.
- Indirect contact: The virus can also be spread through indirect contact with contaminated surfaces, such as doorknobs, countertops, or shared eye makeup.
- Airborne droplets: The virus can also be spread through airborne droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes.
There is no specific treatment for viral conjunctivitis. The infection will usually go away on its own within 7-10 days. However, there are some things you can do to relieve the symptoms:
- Apply cold compresses to your eyes.
- Use artificial tears to keep your eyes moist.
- Avoid rubbing your eyes.
- Get plenty of rest.
There is no sure way to prevent viral conjunctivitis, but there are some things you can do to reduce your risk of getting it:
- Wash your hands often with soap and water.
- Avoid touching your eyes.
- Avoid sharing eye makeup.
- Stay home from work or school if you are sick.
Viral conjunctivitis is a common and usually harmless eye infection. The symptoms will usually go away on their own within 7-10 days. However, there are some things you can do to relieve the symptoms and reduce your risk of getting it.
If you think you have viral conjunctivitis, consult a doctor for treatment.